Following 1-2 step directions

In preschool and kindergarten, your child will be asked to follow 1-2 step directions.  Directions will get more complex eventually, involving descriptive concepts and prepositions.

Some descriptive concepts include: colors, size (big, little), shapes, long, short, wet, dry, dirty, clean, hot, and cold. Give your child one step directions using a descriptive concept.  This can be done while you are playing, eating, and doing every day tasks.  For example, you can say:  “Johnny, give me the long crayon.”

Some prepositional concepts include: on, off, in, out, up, down, under, behind, and in front.  Give your child one step direction using a preposition to give your child practice at home.  This can be done in a natural setting.  For example, you can say:  “Put the ball behind the shelf.”

Here is a fun website your child will love to get them practicing with these directions:

Website that works on categorizing

One great way to increase vocabulary and cognitive skills in your child is to teach them association or categorization skills.  By doing so, your child will increase his/her ability to distinguish between similar or different items, and learn how to think more critically about why something belongs or why it doesn’t.  The website below allows your child to categorize items based on the place that you would usually find them.  You can name the items with your child to work on vocabulary.  Ask your child why certain items belong, and why certain items do not belong.  If your child can not answer accurately, you can help by starting a sentence and having your child fill it in.  For example, you could say:  “The pan belongs in the restaurant because the chef needs it to ___.”

Homographs and Homophones: More Strategies to Learn Vocabulary

Homographs and homophones:  What are the differences between these two?  We learned the meaning of these words in grade school, but what do they mean again?  “Homo,” as you know means the “same.”  Taking that into consideration, here are the definitions for these two terms.

Homographs are words with the same spelling, but different meaning. Examples include: bear (noun)-animal; bear (verb)-to carry something

Homophones are words with the same pronunciation, but different meaning.  The words may be spelled the same, as the above sample of bear, or they could be spelled differently, as in bee and be.

Students in 4th through 6th grade will learn more about homographs and homophones.   By learning more about these, your child will expand his/her vocabulary through association, as well as avoid mistakes in writing.  Here are some websites that will be fun and useful for your child as they learn about these:



Synoynms and Antonyms: Vocabulary for the growing child!

In third and fourth grade, there will be emphasis on having children learn how to figure out the meaning of words using different methods.  Synonyms and antonyms are fun for children!  They are often somewhat easy for children to learn, as the ideas of same/different and opposites are introduced early in their school curriculum.   Here are some fun and simple websites that your children will love working on: